Ketamine infusion therapy is one of the leading experimental therapies used to treat major depressive disorder, anxiety, and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Tragically, millions of patients around the world suffer from severe depression but are resistant to conventional treatment options. However, ketamine infusion provides a glimmer of hope.
Since ketamine infusion therapy has yet to receive formal approval from the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA), there is little information available to the public regarding this treatment option. Understandably, there are many members of the public who are confused about the ketamine treatment process, its efficacy ratings, and its associated risks.
To help clear the air when it comes to ketamine infusion therapy, we put together this in-depth guide to everything there is to know about this exciting new treatment option. If you want to know more about this potentially lifesaving therapy, read on and discover the various benefits and advantages of ketamine infusion therapy.
Despite a large body of research having been produced in recent years on ketamine therapies, the public has been left out in the dark when it comes to the details of this therapy method. Below, we answered some of your most pressing questions about ketamine infusions and their many benefits for treating mood disorders and mental illnesses.
Ketamine is a medicinal substance used for inducing anesthetic effects in its users. When administered in clinical doses, ketamine provides pain relief and sedation. Therefore, it is a valuable tool for treating chronic pain or for use in intensive care units. Ketamine was first discovered in 1962 and was approved for use in the United States eight years later.
Aside from its value as a general anesthetic, ketamine is used to directly treat major depressive disorder, generalized anxiety, and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), among other pain-related illnesses and mood disorders.
Yes. The supervised use of ketamine in a clinical setting has been demonstrated to be safe after years of therapeutic applications and exploratory research. Multiple studies have shown that it is safe for use as an acute treatment method for severe depression, mental health,obsessive-compulsive disorder, and suicidality. Plus, ketamine lacks the long discontinuation times that frontline antidepressant medications have.
Originally, ketamine was designed for human use. However, there are many effective applications of ketamine outside of human use, especially in the domain of veterinary medicine. Consequently, ketamine has caught on among the veterinary community as a surgical anesthetic. It is not a “tranquilizer” but rather an anesthetic used for large mammal species.
How long ketamine remains active in your system will ultimately depend on your unique physical characteristics. Most patients find that their first infusion of ketamine will provide relief from physical symptoms for several days. With the somatic alleviation comes an uplift in mood that can last months or even years afterward.
Those who suffer from chronic depression are often held back by self-defeating thoughts that have been ingrained over long periods of time. After one administration of ketamine, patients are relieved of these symptoms for the first time in years, which can have long-term positive effects on one’s well-being.
Most ketamine clinics administer no less than two infusions for new patients. The number of infusions you receive will depend on the severity of your mood disorder and your medical history. Many clinics begin by administering two infusions three or four days apart from each other. From there, the doctor will determine whether subsequent infusions are necessary.
New patients can expect to be sitting in a reclining chair during the infusion treatment between 45 minutes and a full hour. You will not lose consciousness during your experience, but you may feel mild to moderate sedation and pain-alleviating effects. Some patients report a distorted perception of light and color, among other unusual sensory experiences.
In most cases, ketamine infusion patients leave the clinic within a half hour of administration. However, patients suffering from severe acute illnesses pay to require up to several hours of supervision before being discharged. On-site medical staff will ensure that you are comfortable and safe before you leave the clinic.
Many clinics require someone to be present during your discharge so you can be safely escorted home. While some patients prefer to have a loved one present during the infusion procedure to make them more comfortable, this is not mandatory in most clinics.
While most medications are perfectly safe to use with ketamine infusions, there are several contraindicated medications that cannot be taken before, during, or after your ketamine treatment. This is especially true of the benzodiazepine class of anti-anxiety medications. You may need to skip a dose in the run-up to your ketamine infusion if you take these medicines.
Common benzodiazepines include Ativan (Lorazepam), Xanax (Alprazolam), Klonopin (Clonazepam), and Valium (Diazepam). Talk to the supervising doctor at the ketamine infusion clinic about how to best approach taking these medications around your treatment. Conventional SSRIs and tricyclics are safe to use with ketamine.
There are myriad benefits of taking ketamine infusion therapy as opposed to other frontline chronic pain medications. Here are some of the primary advantages that ketamine infusion has over other leading treatment options.
According to research conducted by a team at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, ketamine infusion therapies led to antidepressant benefits within 24 hours of administration. This is in stark contrast to other treatment methods, which sometimes take months to reach their full effect.
A breakthrough 2014 study indicates that anesthetic ketamine use has anti-inflammatory effects at critical sites in the body. This conclusion is derived from a 3-month follow-up diagnostic survey.
Every year, new scientific research points to ketamine’s potential as an effective antidepressant. Since the 1960s, ketamine has been considered to be a safe and powerful medical intervention for those resistant to conventional frontline treatments for major depression. Today, more than ever, an increasing number of depression patients are turning to ketamine for depression and relief.
Do you want to find out how you can incorporate ketamine into your depression treatment plan? In this guide, our experts break down the latest research on ketamine therapy as a depression treatment. Further, we will describe how ketamine can be safely provided by supervised medical clinics to help you find the relief that you deserve.
You may have heard of the myriad benefits that ketamine can offer those living with severe depression. At present, roughly 30 to 40 percent of the 13 million Americans suffering from depression symptoms and are resistant to conventional therapies. In other words, millions of our friends and neighbors have no viable method of obtaining relief from their treatment-resistant depression.
Ketamine is an anesthetic and analgesic substance, which means it is used primarily as a painkiller. For over fifty years, ketamine has been used as a popular anesthetic in veterinary medicine. However, ketamine lacks US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval, which prevents it from being regulated as a frontline medicine for humans.
Beginning in the early 21st-century, ketamine has been used on human patients at private clinics around the world. Thanks to the popularity of intravenous (IV) infusion methods, ketamine is now regularly available for adults suffering from depression. Consequently, ketamine has provided rapid relief for hundreds of thousands of otherwise distraught patients suffering from severe depression.
It is no surprise that ketamine has been referred to as “the biggest thing to happen to psychiatry in 50 years” by Scientific American. When administered a single dose of IV ketamine, patients can experience fast-onset results within half an hour.
When you compare ketamine’s remarkably fast onset to the weeks or months that it takes for mainstream antidepressants to take effect and you begin to realize the potential of the drug. By activating parts of the lateral habenula (LHb) region of the brain, ketamine can stimulate the mind in groundbreaking new ways.
When administered under the supervision of a medical professional, ketamine is perfectly safe. However, in recent years ketamine has caught on as a recreational drug due to its painkiller properties. Using ketamine recreationally is illegal and highly dangerous. It is important that those with depression use ketamine only at licensed medical clinics.
Ketamine may be right for you if you have been diagnosed with major depressive disorder (MDD), post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), or a chronic pain-related illness. One should note that ketamine should not be approached as a frontline treatment. Rather, ketamine is appropriate for patients who have not responded positively to other forms of treatment.
We advise speaking with your doctor about the potential benefits of ketamine. Depending on your medical history or family history, it may be ill-advised to use medicinal ketamine. We recommend first exhausting other treatment options before you consider ketamine infusion therapy.
It should be noted that ketamine infusion therapy is contraindicated with some anti-anxiety medications. If you are currently taking any pharmaceutical drug belonging to the benzodiazepine class, such as Ativan, Valium, or Xanax, let your doctor know right away. These drugs cannot be used in conjunction with ketamine.
One of the largest obstacles to obtaining ketamine infusion therapy is pinpointing the right clinic. Although some regions of the United States, and indeed the world at large, are underserved by ketamine treatment clinics, more and more are opening every year. In fact, there are now dozens of treatment centers scattered throughout the continental United States.
A great online resource for finding a ketamine infusion clinic near you is the Ketamine Clinics Directory, which hosts a small database of operating clinics and their going rates. However, we have put together a list of our favorite ketamine infusion and multi-treatment clinics below. For your convenience, we have listed the clinics by region.
There are several excellent ketamine infusion clinics in the State of California. However, the services provided by Dr. Thomas Leverone at the Central Coast Surgery Center stand out from the crowd. Since 2005, Dr. Leverone has performed surgery on countless satisfied patients who have been treated for chronic pain, depression, and anxiety-related disorders.
If you live in New England, Boston MindCare is the ketamine infusion clinic for you. Under the leadership of Dr. Isabel Legarda, M.D., Boston MindCare has treated depression patients since 2014. Boston MindCare operates a clinic in Lexington, Massachusetts and serves the entire Greater Boston area.
One of the best ketamine infusion clinics in the Sun Belt region of the United States is the Charleston Ketamine Center. Dr. Richard L. Bowen, M.D., has served as the leading resident doctor at Charleston Ketamine Center since its inception in 2014. Since then, they have performed over 2,500 infusions for countless satisfied patients.
The Charleston Ketamine Center (CKC) is one of the only clinics currently serving the Carolinas. Located in Charleston, Caroline the CKC is an invaluable resource for those in the American southeast looking for depression relief.
Based in Grand Rapids, Michigan, Michigan Progressive Health is one of the leading ketamine infusion therapy clinics operating in the American Midwest. Led by Dr. Megan Oxley, M.D., Michigan Progressive Health attracts patients from as far as Chicago, St. Louis, and Columbus. They are known for their high standard of patient care and daily outpatient “check-ins.”
Fibromyalgia (FM) is a chronic medical disorder characterized by an intense pain response to physical pressure on the body. Although little known about FM and its origins, roughly two to eight percent of the general population is known to have fibromyalgia. Do you have fibromyalgia? Use this simple checklist to find out.
Fibromyalgia is a chronic syndrome that affects the muscles and tissues of the human body. Much of fibromyalgia is not understood by the medical community. However, the condition is known to run in families, which suggests that it is ultimately a hereditary disease. It is typically linked to other physical and mental illnesses such as anxiety and depression.
Most FM patients cite persistent bodily ailments that come along with fibromyalgia. For instance, bowel and bladder irritation or irregularities are common among those living with FM. Nearly all FM patients who seek treatment cite fatigue, sleepiness, and an inability to perform day to day activities due to fibromyalgia-related symptoms.
Fibromyalgia is classified as a chronic health disorder by the National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases. It is pathologically similar to rheumatoid arthritis in that it involves chronic physical sensitivity in the body. However, it is distinct from arthritis because it does not cause inflammation or damage to the joints.
Simply put, the causes of fibromyalgia are unknown. It is generally understood that a variety of factors must be involved in the formation of fibromyalgia, although specific details are lacking. There is some evidence, for example, that suggests that early childhood trauma is a risk factor for FM development later in life. This includes any early childhood exposure to severe trauma.
For others, fibromyalgia can develop as a side effect of another illness, such as irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) or arthritis. In other cases, FM can set in after neurological damage to the brain to the central nervous system. Although little concrete knowledge exists about the causes of FM, more and more research is produced every year toward understanding its origins.
Now that we understand what fibromyalgia is, let us now go over the checklist of FM symptoms and early warning signs. If you exhibit any combination of the following symptoms, you should speak with your doctor about screening for fibromyalgia.
The most common telltale sign of fibromyalgia is the presence of painful pressure points. This is a universal symptom among all FM patients and often what sets fibromyalgia apart from other somatic illnesses. The most sensitive pressure points are at the back of the head, the front of the neck, the elbows, the sides of the hips, and backs of the knees.
Most of those living with fibromyalgia cite chronic fatigue and exhaustion as a prominent symptom. This symptom usually leads to sleep difficulties, such as narcolepsy.
It is not uncommon to find fibromyalgia patients that report an inability to concentrate, otherwise known as “brain fog.” Sometimes, brain fog can manifest as forgetfulness or an inability to find the right words during speech.
Painful headaches and migraines are another common symptoms of fibromyalgia. These headaches are usually not triggered by any specific environmental stimulus.
For women, painful menstrual cycles are a hallmark of fibromyalgia. This can cause serious pain and discomfort, requiring pharmaceutical intervention.
Many fibromyalgia patients are also diagnosed with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) or bladder-related issues.
Experiencing pain or discomfort from changes in temperature, exposure to bright lights or sudden loud sounds is a symptom of fibromyalgia.
Usually, during nighttime hours or while one is trying to fall asleep, fibromyalgia patients often experience restless leg syndrome or general feelings of restlessness.
If you suspect that you might have fibromyalgia based on the checklist above, consider taking the CFS and fibromyalgia test. This reputable test was developed in accordance with the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) criteria for fibromyalgia as well as the American College of Rheumatology’s standards for diagnosing fibromyalgia.
There are medicinal and non-medicinal treatments for fibromyalgia that are used to help manage the pain associated with FM symptoms. The primary frontline treatments for FM are non-medication treatments, such as regular exercise, health education, stress reduction practices, and proper sleep hygiene.
One of the best methods of treating fibromyalgia is to abide by a strict aerobic exercise regimen. Whether walking down the block every day or weight training the gym five days a week, those living with FM must incorporate some form of regular exercise into their lifestyle.
The most common fibromyalgia medications are tricyclic antidepressants such as amitriptyline (Elavil), desipramine (Norpramin), and doxepin (Silenor). These medications are capable of relaxing soft tissues in the body which can help ease pain and induce sleep for those who struggle with maintaining a normal sleep pattern.
In recent years, ketamine has been the subject of significant media attention and scientific scrutiny for its ability to treat fibromyalgia. According to several scientific reports, intravenous ketamine infusion therapy has the potential to powerfully reduce the severity of fibromyalgia symptoms.
Ketamine was first discovered in the 1960s and soon gained widespread recognition as a fast-acting analgesic and anesthetic drug to kill the pain. By the 1970s, ketamine became the leading anesthetic in veterinary medicine for large mammals. However, beginning in the early 2000s, medical clinics around the world have used ketamine off-label for treatment in humans.
Are your fibromyalgia symptoms persisting despite your best efforts? Many of those living with FM are completely resistant to mainstream therapies and treatments, leaving millions of people to live in chronic pain. If this sounds familiar to you, you should speak to your doctor about ketamine infusion therapy to provide relief for your fibromyalgia symptoms.Not only is ketamine a potentially powerful solution for FM-related symptoms, but it has also been shown to effectively and safely treat depression, generalized anxiety, and post-traumatic stress disorder. If you are interested in exploring ketamine infusion therapy as a potential treatment avenue, visit one of the many medicinal ketamine clinics around the country.
For decades, ketamine has been used as a medicinal intervention for treating depression, anxiety, mood disorders, and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). While most ketamine advocates recognize its therapeutic potential for treating depression, the many benefits available to those suffering from PTSD are less understood.
Do you or a loved one suffer from post-traumatic stress disorder? If so, ketamine infusion therapy may be able to help alleviate your symptoms and provide the relief you need. However, public knowledge about medicinal ketamine is lacking. In this article, we go over everything there is to know about ketamine for treating PTSD.
Post-traumatic stress disorder has a medical diagnostic code of ICD-10, which is the code used for reimbursing treatment through your insurance provider. PTSD, unlike other mental illnesses, is characterized by its triggering from a single or series of traumatic events. This explains why PTSD is common among military veterans and first responders.
According to a summary article from Mayo Clinic, PTSD is a mental health condition triggered by a terrifying experience. The sufferer subsequently experiences flashbacks, night terrors, and anxiety attacks that they cannot control as a result of the event. It takes a significant amount of time, therapy, and self-care to overcome the trauma of PTSD.
There is no known cure for PTSD. However, many experimental medicinal interventions are breaking ground when it comes to finding a cure. For example, the psychoactive drugs MDMA and ketamine have both been studied for their potential to alleviate the negative effects of PTSD.
Since the early 2000s, ketamine has gained popularity among medical providers for its application in infusion therapies. In recent years, clinics all around the world have embraced the healing power of ketamine by offering ketamine infusion therapy. This unique therapy involves one or more intravenous injections of ketamine under the supervision of an anesthesiologist.
Although ketamine has garnered a reputation as a party drug, its primary value is in its ability to provide fast-acting and potent relief for those with chronic pain issues. Ketamine was first synthesized in the 1960s and was later adopted as an anesthetic in veterinary medicine by the end of the decade. However, use in humans was initially sparse.
Ketamine is both an analgesic and anesthetic drug, which means its primary quality is to reduce or prevent pain. This makes ketamine highly effective for treating major depressive disorder, chronic back pain, and PTSD.
Ketamine infusion clinics across the United States are now offering specialty treatments for those suffering from PTSD. For example, the renowned Ketamine Clinics of Los Angeles has treated hundreds of PTSD patients over the years. Led by Dr. Steven Mandel, M.D., the team at Ketamine Clinics of LA has a proven track record of helping relieve the pain of PTSD.
An increasing amount of scientific research has proven that ketamine is effective in treating PTSD. Most notably, a breakthrough 2014 study in JAMA Psychiatry discovered that a single intravenous subanesthetic dose of ketamine resulted in “significant and rapid reduction in PTSD symptom severity.”
Over the past few years, many articles and news reports have heralded ketamine as a potential wonder drug for treating PTSD. A recent article published by Medscape discussed how a team of researchers at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai in New York City used ketamine to fight depressive symptoms in patients with PTSD and severe depression.
There is no doubt that ketamine is a novel treatment for many PTSD sufferers. Since it is a relatively new medicinal intervention, there is some skepticism within the medical community regarding whether it is safe for human use. However, many of these doubts have been quelled over the years thanks to numerous studies and experiences that have proven its safety.
The most compelling evidence suggesting that ketamine infusion is safe in humans comes from a 2014 clinical study. This study managed to safely administer low doses of ketamine to treat neuropathic pain states in adults. Over the two-week monitoring period, the patients exhibited numerous benefits while experiencing only marginal or negligible side effects.
It should be noted that ketamine is not safe if taken recreationally. Since its inception, ketamine has gained a reputation as a party drug for its ability to induce dissociative states and euphoria. However, ketamine is not safe to use unless administered by a licensed physician. It is possible to overdose on ketamine, and the side effects of using high doses of ketamine can be fatal.
Interestingly, ketamine has found success as a tool for preventing the onset of PTSD. In one case, a research team gave a family of mice a low dose of ketamine before exposing them to electric shocks. Usually, mice exhibit symptoms of PTSD after being exposed to such a severe stressor. However, the mice that were given ketamine did not exhibit these symptoms at all.
Typically, traumatized mice freeze up when they are placed back in the cage in which they were shocked. In this case, the mice who were sedated with ketamine did not freeze when placed in the cage or froze for a significantly reduced duration. This led the research team to believe that ketamine may have value in both preventing and treating PTSD in humans.
Ketamine may be an appropriate treatment option for you if you have treatment-resistant PTSD. In other words, you must first be diagnosed with PTSD and have sought the traditional frontline treatments for the condition before considering ketamine infusion therapy.We recommend speaking with your doctor about your PTSD symptoms and the appropriate therapies available to you. Usually, SSRIs or benzodiazepine pharmaceutical drugs, in conjunction with cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is the first method of treatment. However, if you do not respond well to this treatment option you should consider seeking ketamine therapy.
Today, millions of people around the world suffer from depression and depression-related mood disorders. Thankfully, there are many common frontline treatments are available to treat this class of disorders, including pharmaceutical drugs like Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs).
However, there are many people who live with depression who are resistant to conventional treatments. Sadly, there is no cure for major depressive disorder (MDD) or related depressive illnesses. In an attempt to find new ways to help treatment-resistant patients, researchers have turned to ketamine to see if it holds therapeutic potential.
Years of research indicates that ketamine has the potential to positively affect the lives of those living with depression. Do you want to find out more about this fascinating experimental medicine? In this article, our experts go over the basics of ketamine infusion therapy and how it’s administered in clinical settings.
A ketamine infusion is a kind of experimental medical procedure used to treat depression in those who are resistant to conventional therapies. Although ketamine treatment may sound intimidating to some, it is a simple procedure that encompasses fewer risks and other considerations when compared to an aesthetic-based treatment.
Ketamine is a psychoactive substance with dissociative and analgesic effects. When administered in medical dosages by trained professionals, ketamine has the potential to relieve pain and distress in depression patients. This effect has been demonstrated by numerous research studies conducted over the past decade.
The onset of ketamine infusion therapy is rapid. Within seconds, the effects of intravenous (IV) ketamine infusion are observed by the patient. Occasionally, side effects such as grogginess can occur. For this reason, we advise against drinking alcohol or taking substances with depressant effects after undergoing ketamine infusion.
According to a breakthrough 2015 research study, ketamine infusion has been determined safe and to encompass no greater risk than conventional antidepressant therapies. In the study, a 64-year-old retired civil servant successfully underwent ketamine infusion therapy without serious side effects or withdrawal symptoms.
Since ketamine has mind-altering potential when administered in high dosages, it is important that the informed consent of all patients is obtained beforehand. Also, ketamine infusion should only be carried out by licensed medical facilities under the supervision of a consultant anesthetist.
As the expression goes, “the dose makes the poison.” This, of course, is true of ketamine as it is with any other drug. It is important that those who undergo ketamine infusions take the proper medically appropriate dose if they want to stay safe. In most cases, this is roughly half a milligram of ketamine diluted in 100 milliliters of saline liquid.
In short, no. Ketamine is not yet approved by US Food and Drug Administration (FDA). However, this is likely to change in the coming years as ketamine gains increased recognition among the scientific and medical community.
Controlled studies have shown that ketamine is effective in treating major depressive disorders, anxiety, suicidal ideation, and other serious mental illnesses. In time, you can expect the FDA to approve of ketamine for pharmaceutical use. First, scientific data proving its efficacy and safety needs to continue being published.
For decades, ketamine has been recognized as one of the world’s most powerful anesthetic agents. Hospitals and veterinary clinics around the world have used ketamine successfully to treat neuropathic pain and other pain-related diseases safely. However, the doses used for psychiatric illnesses are far lower than that of physical ailments.
Ketamine infusion therapy is an experimental treatment that will join the ranks of ECT, TMS, and other secondary treatments for major depressive disorders. While mild to moderate depression can be effectively treated with psychotherapy and frontline medications, ketamine infusions can be used for those who are resistant to such treatment options.
The ketamine administration process takes no longer than an hour in most cases. However, the majority of ketamine infusion clinics will require patients to wait for up to an hour after administration before discharging them.
The procedure does not require the patient to be rendered unconscious. Rather, ketamine infusion patients are awake and alert the entire time and are not subject to any physical pain or distress. In fact, the experience is generally considered to be mild, well-tolerated by the body, and short-lived for most patients.
Unfortunately, without FDA approval it is impossible to diversify ketamine infusion treatment methods. At present, the majority of ketamine infusion clinics around the world offer intravenous administration only, which is administered via a supervised injection. However, in the future, we can expect oral or nasal applications to be approved for clinical use.
Since ketamine is a powerful substance, there are other drugs that are contraindicated for use with ketamine. For example, the entire benzodiazepine class of drugs used to treat anxiety and panic disorders, need to be avoided when undergoing ketamine infusion therapy. These include Ativan, Xanax, and Valium, among others.
Most first-time patients are confused about what to expect when it comes to ketamine treatment. This is a perfectly natural concern to have since ketamine infusion is unlike most other therapies for depression or mood disorders.
Before receiving a ketamine infusion, you need to consult with the clinic that will render the treatment. There, a doctor will assess your condition and determine whether you are a good fit for the treatment based on your medical records and physician referrals.
After, you will be placed in a private room where a comfortable chair or bed is placed in the middle. A doctor or anesthetist will then locate a suitable vein on your arm for administration. Then, a small IV needle will be used to inject the ketamine. This process is very brief and results in minimal pain. No scarring or cutting will occur as a result of the injection.Once the doctor has determined that you are not suffering from any side effects, you will be free to go. Within minutes you should feel at ease and fully functional to perform day-to-day tasks. However, some clinics may require a loved one or third party to briefly supervise you once you leave the clinic.
Tens of millions of Americans suffer from clinical depression and other chronic pain-related mental and physical illnesses. Tragically, many are resistant to the common frontline treatment options, such as antidepressant drugs and conventional psychotherapy. However, a new dawn has broken in psychiatric research thanks to the advent of ketamine infusion therapy.
Ketamine is an anesthetic agent that has been researched for medicinal use in humans for over 50 years. However, its lack of US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval has prevented this potentially lifesaving drug from being used in mainstream medical sciences. As a result, ketamine has been used mainly as a veterinary medicine since its discovery.
It wasn’t until the 21st-century that ketamine infusion therapy was first used to induce strong and rapid pain relief for those suffering from depression, post-traumatic stress disorder, anxiety, and a host of other chronic diseases. Since then, ketamine infusion therapy has seen commercial success in private clinics across the United States.
To date, ketamine has received little attention from the medical community and the public at large. This is because other drug treatments with the backing of the FDA and large pharmaceutical corporations have little interest in supporting experimental medicines such as ketamine. However, the Ketamine Advocacy Network is reversing this trend.
Founded in 2012 by clinical trial volunteers from the National Institutes of Health, the Ketamine Advocacy Network seeks to spread awareness of ketamine therapy and to advocate for its use as an accessible medicine. The Network has the following primary aims:
According to their official website, the Ketamine Advocacy Network’s vision is to attain FDA approval for medical ketamine. Once this occurs, they predict, ketamine infusion will become more widely available as a mainstream, frontline treatment option. Also, insurance plans will cover ketamine infusion therapies so the treatment will be more affordable.
The Ketamine Advocacy Network claim that “many cases of depression/bipolar/PTSD are rooted not in emotional disturbances, but rather a physical injury to the brain.” By introducing ketamine as a treatment option, the Network believes that that physical foundations of depression and related illnesses will be brought to light.
Interestingly, the Network pledges to shut down if their vision is realized. Specifically, once ketamine therapy becomes a universally-accepted treatment for extreme cases of depression and chronic pain-related disorders.
On their website, the Ketamine Advocacy Network hosts a variety of ketamine-related resources and informational articles. If you are interested in learning more about this experimental treatment, its costs, or its availability in your area, check out their website today. There you will also find the most popular user-driven ketamine discussion forum.
The Ketamine Advocacy Network is a 501(c)(3) charitable organization dedicated to mental health promotion and crisis intervention. Their corporate offices are currently located in Issaquah, Washington. More information about their corporate structure and office hours on their Charity Navigator profile page.
The Ketamine Advocacy Network would have no organizational purpose if it weren’t for the wealth of scientific literature being released demonstrating ketamine’s many medicinal benefits. For example, a 2014 research paper concluded that ketamine had “neuroprotective, anti-inflammatory and antitumor” properties.
Indeed, there are several key medicinal benefits that make ketamine unique as a treatment for depression and chronic pain. Below, we will highlight the various benefits and advantages that ketamine has over other frontline treatment methods.
There is a wide body of evidence that demonstrates ketamine’s use as a painkilling agent. This evidence has been a catalyst for ketamine’s adoption as a medicinal intervention.
A breakthrough 2012 study published in the British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology found that ketamine was effective as a strong analgesic. In patients suffering from neuropathic pain states, ketamine infusion resulted in “long-term” pain relief for up to three months following treatment. The study called for further research into the risks and benefits associated with ketamine use.
Ketamine, aside from its veterinary use, has gained a reputation as an effective treatment for depression. According to a 2015 research paper published in World Psychiatry, ketamine was found to provide relief for major depressive disorder (MDD) and bipolar depression. Compared to a placebo, the treatment group experienced a “large to very large” antidepressant effect.
The treatment group in the 2015 paper was exposed to four rounds of ketamine infusion therapy. They found that administration of ketamine therapy was effective in sub-anesthetic doses by binding to the non-NMDA receptors in the brain. This mechanism of action is thought to be primarily responsible for its antidepressant effects.
A 2016 paper in the medical journal Acta PharmacologicaSinica found that ketamine had strong anti-hyperalgesia and anti-inflammatory properties. This is especially important in the field of medical research because inflammation, particularly inflammation of key internal organs, is known to cause several chronic illnesses and to co-occur with cancers.
Patients that receive ketamine infusion therapies not only benefit from its antidepressant and pain-killing effects, but they also enjoy reduced organ inflammation. In doing so, ketamine infusion recipients are less at-risk of chronic disease and other illnesses. By contrast, other frontline medications have the potential to increase or catalyze internal inflammation.
One of ketamine’s key benefits demonstrated in the aforementioned studies is that it is well-tolerated in conjunction with other frontline pain and depression treatments. Although it is contraindicated for use with the benzodiazepine class of drugs, ketamine is compatible with SSRI, SNRI, and other non-narcotic anti-anxiety and antidepressant drugs.There are also relatively few long-term side effects of ketamine use. In high doses, there are reported short-term effects including psychedelic symptoms (including hallucinations and memory defects). However, unlike SSRI antidepressants, there are no long-term negative side effects like sexual dysfunction, lethargy, or anhedonia.
Although depression and bipolar disorder are the most common mood disorders in the world today, there are many other chronic mood-related illnesses such as post-traumatic stress disorder and obsessive-compulsive disorder that can cause lasting difficulty in your life. There is, however, a glimmer of hope. If you can detect the symptoms and early warning signs of mood disorders, you can help curb them before they take hold of your life.
Are you, or a loved one, at risk for developing a mood disorder? At the least, chances are you know someone who suffers from a mood-related disorder. After all, a staggering20.9 million Americans currently suffer from mood disorders. In this guide, we go into detail by describing the various mood disorders, their symptoms, and how ketamine may be able to treat them.
According to John Hopkins Medicine, a mood disorder is defined as “a mental health class that health professionals use to broadly describe all styles of depression and bipolar disorders.” Therefore, all disorders and diseases that fall along the depression and bipolar spectrum are classified as mood disorders.
There are four broad categories of mood disorders. No one category or type of mood disorder is necessarily any more severe or disabling than any other. The most common types of mood disorders are:
In the following sections, we will walk through each of the mood disorders listed above. In addition, we will discuss their symptoms, prevalence rates, and treatment options.
Major depression is the most common mood disorder in the world. It is characterized by a persistent lack of interest in usual activities, feelings of helplessness, sadness, and despair. Symptoms must persist for a minimum of two weeks to indicate major depressive disorder (MDD). Otherwise, these symptoms may be a sign of low mood or a depressive episode.
Sometimes,major depressive disorder is referred to as “unipolar depression.” This is because unipolar depression is distinct from bipolar depression, which involves a high and low period in which the subject experiences elation punctuated by harsh low mood. By contrast, unipolar depression does not involve episodes of elation or mania.
According to a review of an article published in the Journal of the American Medical Association, between 20 and 26 percent of American women cite experiencing major depression in their lifetime compared to only 8 to 12 percent of men. The median age for the onset of MDD is age 32, although major depression can be diagnosed at any age.
One of the reasons why major depression occurs in women more often than men is because this mood disordertends to co-occur with other illnesses. For example, women sometimes experience postpartum depression after pregnancy. Particularly severe incidences of postpartum depression can lead to major depression.
Fortunately, four out of five patients with major depressive disorder report seeing improvement after seeking treatment for six weeks. Psychotherapy, pharmaceutical intervention, and, more recently, ketamine infusion therapy, have all been proven effective in reversing the effects of MDD.
Dysthymia is a chronic irritable mood or low-grade depression that persists over the span of multiple years. As a psychiatric illness, dysthymia closely resembles depression regarding its cognitive and physical symptoms. However, dysthymia is generally regarded as a less severe mood disorder than depression, although longer lasting.
As a mood disorder, dysthymia was first identified by psychiatrists in the 1970s as a form of “depressive personality”. It was characterized by its less acute nature than clinical depression. In other words, dysthymia is defined by a long and persistent “low” mood and regular irritability.
It can sometimes be difficult to tell apart someone living with dysthymia from someone who is generally moody. Ultimately, the subjective experience of the patient will determine the extent to which they identify with the disease. The primary symptoms of dysthymia are a prolonged depressed mood, the absence of mania, altered appetite, fatigue, and low self-esteem.
It is important to note that dysthymia is set apart from other mood disorders due to its specific time requirements. To be diagnosed with dysthymia, a patient needs to exhibit depressive symptoms for no less than two years and must experience depression continually with no breaks exceeding two months in length.
Most dysthymia sufferers will seek treatment for the stress associated with the mood disorder before they seek treatment for the depressive symptoms. Psychotherapy has been shown to be effective in treating dysthymia. However, therapy is often most effective when used in conjunction with medications such as SSRIs and tricyclic antidepressants.
Substance-induced mood disorder (SIMD) closely resembles major depression and dysthymia. However, it is characterized by its being brought about due to using alcohol, drugs, or medications. Normally, healthy individuals will feel transient feelings of sadness throughout their lives. Those with SIMD, however, usually feel these emotions during the hangover or “crash” that follows their substance use.
You can identify SIMD by the low mood symptoms and feelings of depression that arise after taking drugs, alcohol, or medication. If you regularly feel negative emotions after taking psychoactive substances, or if you compensate for these effects by taking more substances, you need to seek treatment for SIMD.
Mood disorders such as major depression, dysthymia, and SIMD can be treated with ketamine infusion therapy. According to Pam Harrison of Medscape, physicians can safely and effectively administer the anesthetic ketamine to treat mood disorder sufferers or those suffering from chronic pain.
Although ketamine has not yet received formal approval from the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA), dozens of licensed clinics have opened across the United States that offer ketamine infusion therapy. Ketamine infusion therapy is a promising new treatment that takes less than an hour to administer while providing lasting and powerful alleviation.For more information about using ketamine for mood disorders, we recommend inquiring about ketamine treatment at your local ketamine infusion clinic. A directory of US ketamine providers can be found on the Ketamine Advocacy Network website.
Millions of Americans suffer from common sleep disorders, although many are completely unaware of the fact they have a problem at all. From night terrors and sleep deprivation to insomnia and obstructive sleep apnea, sleep disorders come in a variety of forms that affect people differently. In this article, we discuss how to tell if you have a sleep disorder and whether medicinal ketamine can help provide relief.
Otherwise known as “somnipathy,” sleep disorders are a type of medical disorder characterized by a persistent “disorder” of one’s sleep patterns. Broadly, sleep disorders are classified into the following categories:
Each of the above categories of sleep disorders encompasses their own unique characteristics. Medically, they can be tested and diagnosed using polysomnography and actigraphy technology which monitor sleep cycles.
These sleep disorders are characterized by great difficulty in getting to sleep, staying asleep, or of excessive fatigue and sleepiness. In other words, they are defined by their interference in one’s ability to get a sufficient amount of sleep or adequate quality of sleep. Typically, dyssomnia sufferers will not feel restful in the morning or will feel wakeful during regular sleeping hours.
Parasomnias are a different categorization of sleep disorder defined by abnormal movements, behaviors, perceptions, or dreams that occur during sleep or while falling asleep. Parasomnia-induced states are dissociative and typically occur between wakefulness and rapid eye movement (REM) sleep cycles.
Circadian rhythm sleep disorders (CRSD) are a category of sleep disorders characterized by their interruption of the body’s regular sleep timing. Therefore, those who suffer from CRSD cannot easily fall asleep when they should and are often wakeful and alert while attempting to sleep. Those with CRSD do not have a regular and well-maintained “body clock.”
Sleep disturbances are a broad umbrella term to describe all other forms of chronic sleep issues. Persistent nightmares, sleep paralysis, restless leg syndrome, sleepwalking, and sleep-related anxiety are all forms of sleep disturbances that do not fall neatly under any other category.
Since sleep disorders come in a wide variety of different forms, they have a diverse array of symptoms and warning signs. For some, this can make diagnosis a challenge. However, there are general indicators that a sleep disorder may be at hand. Here are some of the most common signs that you may be suffering from a sleep disorder:
To find out if you suffer from common sleep disorders, you may want to take a quick online test. Although there are several types of tests available, the Clayton Sleep Institute offers one of the most reputable and well-designed self-assessments for sleep disorders. You can find Clayton Sleep Institute Adult Sleep Quiz on their website.
Alternatively, you could take the National Sleep Foundation Sleepiness Test if you want to test your general sleepiness levels. Extreme fatigue and excessive sleepiness is a strong indicator of sleep disorders such as narcolepsy. If you are rated as “very sleepy,” you should consider speaking to your doctor about sleep disorders.
For more specific online testing, you can try taking any of the Columbus Sleep Consultant sleep disorder quizzes. They have a host of online tests for a variety of sleep disorders from sleep apnea to insomnia, narcolepsy, and restless leg syndrome.
Ultimately, the most accurate way of determining whether you have a sleep disorder is to visit your local sleep clinic. Sleep clinics are staffed by doctors and sleep specialists who have the equipment necessary for monitoring your sleep. Sleep clinics are often covered by private insurance providers and Medicare.
In recent years, ketamine has become a popular medicinal treatment for major depression, anxiety, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and chronic pain-related illnesses. This is especially true of patients who are resistant to conventional treatment methods such as psychotherapy and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs).
Although ketamine currently lacks formal US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval, it has gained popularity as an off-label treatment for sleep disorders as well. This is because psychological ailments and pain-related illnesses are strongly associated with sleep disorders.
Before seeking ketamine therapy for sleep disorders, it is important that you first familiarize yourself with what ketamine is. Ketamine is a powerful anesthetic and analgesic drug. In other words, it is a drug primarily used to treat pain. Since the 1970s, ketamine has been used as an anesthetic in veterinary medicine, which has caused it to be derided as a “horse tranquilizer.”
In reality, ketamine is far more than a horse tranquilizer. In fact, it is a potent medicine that is used to treat both humans and a variety of animals during surgery. And, unlike other popular painkillers and anesthetics, the side effects are few, especially when compared to morphine or suboxone.
Over the past decade, a wide body of scientific research has pointed to the fact that medicinal ketamine is safe for treating common sleep disorders. Notably, a 2014 study found that ketamine was safe and effective for treating both depression and sleep disturbances since it was able to induce slow wave activity during sleep.
Unfortunately, depression and anxiety are a common thread among those who suffer from sleep disorders. The common prescriptions used to treat mental illnesses are often ineffective, which leads patients toward alternate forms of therapy, such as ketamine infusion therapy.If you are curious about whether ketamine is right for you, speak to your doctor about ketamine infusion therapy. There are dozens of clinics across the United States and around the world that offer supervised ketamine infusions to help alleviate the psychological symptoms of sleep disorders and other mental illnesses.
Today, thousands of Americans are turning to ketamine infusion therapy to help treat their major depression disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), severe depression, and other chronic mood disorders and pain-related illnesses. Due to increased demand, new treatment centers are popping up all over the country. Do you need help finding a treatment center near you?
In this guide, we describe the top ketamine treatment centers in the United States. All of the clinics we list are fully licensed and legal medical clinics that have a reputation for service excellence. If your depression or mood disorder is treatment-resistant, consider any of the centers we describe below.
To help you navigate the world of ketamine infusion treatment, we put together this non-exhaustive list of the top ketamine treatment centers in the United States. Consider booking a consultation with any of the centers listed below if you seek ketamine treatment for chronic or severe depression or pain-related illnesses.
Boston MindCare serves the Greater Boston area, providing ketamine infusion therapy for the management of several chronic mental illnesses. They are conveniently located in Lexington, MA, which is only a short drive from the central Boston area.
ActifyNeurotherapies is one of the country’s largest network of ketamine infusion providers. Currently, they operate nine affiliated ketamine centers in New York City, Denver, Baltimore, Philadelphia, Princeton, Potomac, West Palm Beach, San Francisco, and Raleigh. They have a nationwide team of over a dozen doctors to serve you better.
The self-described “gold standard in care” is available at the Ketamine Wellness Center. With locations in Phoenix, Tucson, and Denver areas, the Ketamine Wellness Center network of ketamine infusion clinics can provide exceptional relief in these underserved markets.
Dr. Ellison F. Herro, M.D., is a practiced anesthesiologist who has been operating in the Arizona valley area for three decades. He works in an interventional psychiatry clinic and has previously served as the Chief of Trauma Anesthesia at St. Joseph’s Hospital in Phoenix, Arizona.
As a subsidiary of Brain Health Centers Inc., Neuro-Luminance is a Denver-based ketamine infusion center. Neuro-Luminance is headed by Theodore Henderson, M.D., Ph.D., has extensive research in brain sciences and psychiatry. He has maintained a private practice since 2000 and has been awarded the Saint Louis University Community Service Award.
Vitalitas Denver is a specialized depression treatment center and ketamine clinic that offers supervised ketamine infusions for a range of mental illnesses and mood disorders. With 27 years of ketamine administration experience, Vitalitas Denver is among the most qualified and respect ketamine treatment clinics in the country.
Headed by AndroGiorgadze, M.D., the Atlanta Center for Ketamine Treatment is the first ketamine infusion clinic of its kind in the state of Georgia. With over 15 years of clinical experience to his name and years of private practice administering ketamine medication (Rapastinel), Dr. Giorgadze is one the country’s leading minds in medicinal ketamine.
Ketamine Clinics of Los Angeles is the first and only ketamine clinic accredited by the AAAASF. As one of the leading US clinics licensed to administer IV ketamine infusion therapies, the Ketamine Clinics of Los Angeles has performed over 5,000 administrations since 2014. They have a self-reported success rate of 83% among depression and mood disorder patients.
NY Ketamine Infusions, LLC., is a private ketamine clinic located in Manhattan, New York, with satellite offices in Madrid and Pittsburgh. They offer outpatient therapy for those who suffer from chronic mental illnesses and mood disorders. However, other forms of chronic pain such as temporomandibular joint (TMJ) pain are also treated at NY Ketamine Infusions.
The Ketamine Institute is a research and advocacy center in support of medicinal ketamine treatment. They have close partnerships with leading psychiatric teams in Pensacola, Florida, which administer professional ketamine infusion therapies.
Their clinical partners include Anchor Clinic and Anchor Neuroscience, both of which are based in the south Florida area. On top of their ketamine infusion therapies, they are known for their groundbreaking multidisciplinary research on ketamine and its efficacy in treating depression, anxiety, and Alzheimer’s Disease.
Michigan Progressive Health is one of the few Michigan ketamine infusion clinics currently in operation. Based in Grand Rapids, Michigan Progressive Health is a leading ketamine resource center in the American Midwest. Led by Dr. Megan Oxley, their research and clinical teams offer support and services to those in the Detroit and surrounding area.
Patients report that Dr. Oxley’s office feels more like a home than a clinical setting. Their comfortable, relaxed atmosphere offers a safe and supportive environment where those in need of help can find it. To boot, Dr. Oxley is a founding member of the American Society of Ketamine Physicians, which is a group of pro-ketamine board-certified physicians.
Alabama Ketamine Clinics is a multi-specialty clinic with a psychiatric department devoted to ketamine infusion therapy. Based in Dothan, Alabama, Alabama Ketamine Clinics is dedicated to treating major depressive disorder and other physical and mental illnesses related to chronic pain.
The Midwest Ketamine Center is a Chicago-based ketamine clinic specializing in outpatient care for chronic and refractory depression. They offer low-cost solutions for aerosolized ketamine infusions. The Midwest Ketamine Center is known for offering both intravenous and nebulized ketamine treatments. Their main offices can be found in Arlington Heights, Illinois.
Northwest Ketamine Clinics are a group of affiliated ketamine treatment centers serving the Pacific Northwest region of the United States. At present, Northwest Ketamine Clinics have offices in Seattle, Bellevue, and Portland, with plans to expand in the near future. They have a reputation for service excellence and patient satisfaction in this underserved region.Northwest Ketamine Clinics can schedule consultations with prospective patients within 24 hours of their submitting an inquiry. We suggest visiting their website today if you need to access ketamine treatment services in the Pacific Northwest.
Since the early 2000s, ketamine infusion therapy clinics have popped up in increasing numbers around the world. For thousands of people around the world suffering from major depression, bipolar disorder, chronic pain, and other serious illnesses, ketamine infusion clinics have provided much-needed relief.
Although ketamine therapy is still in its infancy, ketamine is rapidly rising in popularity among the medical community. This is because ketamine has shown tremendous promise as a fast-acting antidepressant treatment option for those who are resistant to conventional therapies.
Are you one of the millions of people around the world living with treatment-resistant depression, anxiety, post-traumatic stress disorder, or bipolar depression? If so, you might benefit from seeking help at a ketamine infusion therapy clinic. In this article, we will go over the benefits of ketamine therapy and how to find a clinic near you that recommends ketamine as a treatment.
Any prospective ketamine therapy recipient needs to first understand the details of ketamine. This way, the patient can decide whether ketamine therapy is right for their specific condition. Before making a decision, the various benefits and potential risk factors need to take into consideration.
Ketamine is an analgesic and anesthetic substance that is used, primarily, as a painkiller. Since its discovery in the 1960s, ketamine has caught the eye of the medical community for its ability to powerfully reduce pain-related symptoms within minutes of administration. It is no surprise, then, that ketamine is one of the most popular surgical anesthetics in veterinary medicine.
At present, ketamine is held back from mainstream adoption because it lacks formal approval from the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Consequently, ketamine is generally not covered by private health insurance providers. However, public interest groups like the Ketamine Advocacy Network are actively working toward gaining FDA approval.
Numerous studies conducted over the last decade have shown that medical ketamine therapies are both safe and effective. A recent overview of ketamine therapy published by PsyPost discusses how ketamine treatment produces side effects that are common among conventional antidepressants, although with a much shorter duration.
Today, thousands of American citizens have taken to ketamine infusion clinics to seek treatments. Since they first started opening roughly a decade ago, there have been no reported incidences of ketamine-related deaths or serious illnesses as a result of treatment administration.
Despite early studies and reports heralding the relative safety of ketamine, it is important to bear in mind that ketamine is still a medicinal substance in its early stages of adoption. As such, more research and clinical trials will need to be released before any final conclusions can be made regarding its side effects and potential harm.
Despite the fact that ketamine has only recently been adopted by the medical community, those in need of treatment should not shy away from inquiring about ketamine infusion therapy. If you have had unsuccessful experiences with conventional treatment for OCD, generalized anxiety, major depression, or PTSD, you should ask your doctor about ketamine therapy.
Ketamine should never be used outside of a clinical context. If you decide to seek ketamine treatment, ensure that the clinic is licensed and staffed by medical doctors or anesthesiologists. Also, make sure you disclose your medical history and any prescription medication you are taking before receiving treatment.
One of the first major steps in seeking ketamine infusion therapy is locating a reputable clinic. Many mental health clinics across the United States do not currently offer ketamine infusion services. However, a growing number of clinics in the American West and the Southeast regions are beginning to offer ketamine infusion therapies.
A great resource for locating ketamine treatment centers in the United States is the Ketamine Advocacy Network’s directory of US providers. However, their directory is not an exhaustive list as more and more clinics are opening up every year. To help you quickly navigate the various ketamine infusion clinics listed in the directory, we have organized them below.
If you live in the Greater Los Angeles area, the Ketamine Clinics of Los Angeles should be your first stop for ketamine therapy services. Their team of doctors and accredited anesthesiologists have satisfied countless patients over the years, which has rightfully earned them a reputation as one of the West Coast’s finest ketamine therapy clinics.
Actify Neurotherapies does not brand itself as a ketamine therapy clinic, but rather as a mental health clinic that recommends ketamine as a treatment option. The experts at Actify hold themselves to high professional standards and are careful to follow protocols backed by substantive peer-reviewed evidence. They are based in Princeton, New Jersey.
LoneStar Infusion PLLC is one of the finest mental health clinics in the American South. Based in Houston, Texas, this clinic offers a range of mental health services including ketamine infusions for treating OCD, PTSD, depression, and anxiety. Led by Dr. Allison Wells, M.D., their team of doctors has performed hundreds of infusions since 2015.
Serving the New England region of the US, Boston MindCare is among the country’s most reputable mental health clinics offering ketamine infusion therapy. While they offer a host of services tailored to those recovering from mental illness, they specialize in ketamine infusion therapy and alternative treatments for those who need fast-acting relief.
The Seattle Ketamine Clinic is the Pacific Northwest’s home for ketamine infusion therapy. Their team of physicians administer off-label ketamine for a period of two weeks across six infusion sessions. Along the way, they regularly check in with patients and walk them through their recovery process at all stages of the therapy.